Cause and Management of Infertility
Infertility can be described as a situation where a female is unable to get pregnant or even carry a pregnancy to full term or a male being unable to make a fertile female pregnant and it is a serious source of trouble for most couples. The intensity of infertility usually varies between men and women although the causes are different too. Various causes of infertility in men include immune infertility which interferes with sperm motility and transportation after ejaculation and may be caused by surgery, trauma, breakdown of a man’s blood-testis barrier, prostatitis, infections, and cancer. Infertility in men can also be caused by the production of low or poor quality sperms but the testis as a result of conditions such as varicocele among others. Infertility also occurs when there is hormonal imbalance as well as poor health condition in the body due to conditions such as obesity, coeliac disease, drug and substance abuse, DNA damage and epigenetic conditions.
In female, infertility leads to a lot of stigma on women and can occur due to various conditions such as diseases, poor nutrition as well as uterus malformations. There are three categories of causes of infertility in women which include genetic, acquired or can also be due to the location of the infertility problem in the female reproductive systems. Chromosomal abnormalities leading to various mutations of the sex chromosomes is the major cause of chromosomal infertility in women. Advancement in age, smoking tobacco, sexually transmitted infections, obesity and eating disorders, chemotherapy diabetes, coeliac disease, kidney and liver diseases among other are some of the acquired factors that lead to infertility in women. Genetic defects on the ovaries, endometriosis and tubal occlusion in the fallopian tube, fibroids and malformation in the uterus, antisperm antibodies in the cervix, as well as vaginal obstruction are some of the location factors in the female reproductive organs that may lead to infertility.
Diagnosis of male and female infertility should be done in certified clinic that has professionals who deal with fertility issues since for one to get proper treatment, the underlying cause has to be properly identified. In men, infertility can be treated used various techniques depending on the underlying cause of the infertility such as surgery, taking of vitamin E medication as well as hormonal therapy. The management of infertility in women is mainly through prevention of the factors that may lead to infertility. Some of the ways that one can use to prevent occurrence of infertility in women include leading a lifestyle that is healthy with abundant exercises and reduced uptake of caffeine, alcohol and smoking. Other methods that one can use to reduce infertility is ensuring that they don’t advance in age before getting a baby, freezing the eggs which preserve fertility as well as preventing or treating existing conditions that may lead to infertility.